Six Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of His Time

The Primary Documents

John Andrew Morrow

Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd Allah

Edited by John Andrew Morrow

Six Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of His Time is a departure from what we usually publish at Angelico Press, but we thought it of vital importance in pointing to a new way for Christians to understand the ethos of early Islam, and for Muslims to conceive of Christian/Muslim relations, based on covenants established by the founder of Islam. Muhammad’s treaties with the Christians of his time, which John Andrew Morrow has rediscovered in obscure collections and often newly translated, uniformly state that Muslims are not to attack peaceful Christian communities, but defend them “until the End of the World.” It is a direct appeal to all Muslims to condemn the violence against Christians in the Middle East in the name of Muhammad himself, as these covenants constitute possibly the third foundational pillar for Islam (along with the Qur’an and hadith). The “Covenants Initiative” within the book represents a movement by Muslims, both prominent and unknown, in support of Christians under attack. These treaties and the Covenants Initiative desperately need to be better known among Christians, Muslims, and the general public. Renewed by caliphs and sultans, supported by scores of fatwas, and accepted as law for nearly 1400 years, these documents were common knowledge to educated Muslims and Christians until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, after which they virtually disappeared from collective consciousness. Their rediscovery will certainly open a new field in both Islamic Studies and interfaith relations. As the written words of Muhammad himself, and a central part of the Sunnah, they should sit side by side with the Qur’an in both mosque and home. If Muslims are ever to recover the reality of Islam and undergo a collective awakening, these covenants of hope will play a major part in that restoration. Those wishing to familiarize themselves with Dr. Morrow’s exhaustive arguments supporting the authenticity of these Covenants should refer to The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World (Angelico, 2013).

Praise for Six Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of His Time

The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World, by Dr. John Andrew Morrow … is a very interesting and crucial work.”

— Theophilos III​, Patriarch of Jerusalem

“An enlightening reference that brilliantly sheds light on the glorious and magnificent spirit of Islam as epitomized by the Prophet Muhammad.”

— Dr. Bouchra Belgaid​, University Mohamed I

“This is one of the most important projects related to Christian-Muslim relations in recent decades.”

— Zachary Markwith​, Graduate Theological Union

“The Holy Council of the Fathers at Saint Catherine’s Monastery expresses sympathy for your work.”

— Father Justin Of Sinai​

About the Authors

John Andrew Morrow

John Andrew Morrow completed his Honors BA, MA, and PhD at the University of Toronto, as well as post-doctoral studies in Arabic in Morocco and at the University of Utah’s Middle East Center. Besides his academic training, he has also completed the full cycle of traditional Islamic seminary studies. He has served as a faculty member and administrator at numerous colleges and universities, and has authored and edited many books, including the Encyclopedia of Islamic Herbal Medicine (McFarland, 2011), Religion and Revolution: Spiritual and Political Islam in Ernesto Cardenal (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012), and Islamic Images and Ideas: Essays on Sacred Symbolism (McFarland, 2013).

No additional author information available.